Saturday, May 14, 2011

Infant Mortality Rate Still High

Infant Mortality (Infant Mortality Rate) is one important aspect in describing the level of development of human resources in a state of health of the community.

Reports of Medical Journal The Lancet says that 7000 babies die every day and 98% occur in poor countries. State highest maternal and infant deaths are the countries in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.

Meanwhile, Indonesia's infant mortality rate average of 34 babies per 1,000 live births. The amount is not too impressive because when compared with 5 years ago, the changes only slightly. In 2003 infant mortality rate in Indonesia is 35 babies per 1,000 live births.

While the infant mortality rate below five years old (toddlers) are currently 44 children per 1,000 live births and did not vary much with the data in 2003 is 46 per 1,000 live births.

In fact, the target of millennium development goals (MDG's), among others, reduce child mortality by two thirds in the period 1990-2015. By 2015 infant mortality rate is expected by 23 babies per 1,000 live births and 32 children under five per 1,000 live births.

This suggests that health development in Indonesia has not been as expected. In order to reduce infant mortality and child mortality, the most important is the preventive and promotive. Business promotion, among others, through the promotion of the use of breast milk, adequate nutrition, personal hygiene, and environmental. Preventive efforts, among others through the primary immunization. In addition, treatment facilities also need the community level through facilities such as health centers.
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